Radio technology news updated as it happens.
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FCC Updates Broadcast StationTotal
Washington - June 30, 2003 - Each quarter, the FCC updates its
licensed broadcast station list. As of June 30, the totals are as
UHF commercial TV
VHF commercial TV
UHF educational TV
VHF educational TV
Class A UHF stations
Class A VHF stations
FM translators and boosters
UHF low power TV
VHF low power TV
Arbitron Diarykeepers ChangeListening Recording Habits
New York - Jul 22, 2003 – Arbitron has released an analysis of
2001-2002 data about how diarykeepers use station identifiers to record
their listening. The analysis shows that a shift has occurred in the
identifier diarykeepers record most often. In 1996, when Arbitron had
last examined the use of station identifiers by studying a random
sample of diary entries, call letters were the most commonly used
station identifier recorded by diarykeepers. The new analysis of
2001-2002 data shows that diarykeepers are now principally recording
stations’ frequencies instead.
Using new data retrieval tools, Arbitron has conducted a complete
accounting of all 103,456,251 quarter-hours included in the Fall 2002,
Spring 2002 and Fall 2001 surveys. As these one hundred million+
quarter-hours were counted, the station identifiers associated with
each quarter-hour were tallied. The tally shows that 42.0 percent of
quarter-hours in each of the three surveys were credited based on
station frequencies alone, up from 27.9 percent of diary entries in
1996. For about 68 percent of quarter-hours in each of the three
surveys, a station’s frequency was one of the station identifiers
included when a diarykeeper recorded more than one identifier, up from
51 percent of diary entries in 1996.
In contrast, the use of call letters alone dropped significantly to
about 18 percent of quarter-hours in the 2001-2002 surveys, vs. 33.4
percent of diary entries in 1996. When multiple identifiers were
recorded by diarykeepers, only about 35 percent of the quarter-hours in
2001-2002 surveys included call letters, vs. 52.1 percent of the diary
entries in the earlier study.
% of Fall 2002 Quarter-Hours
% of Spring 2002 Quarter-Hours
% of Fall 2001 Quarter-Hours
% of Spring 1996 Diary Entries
Call Letters Are Only Identifier
Call Letters Are One of the Identifiers
Frequency Is Only Identifier
Frequency Is One Identifier
Arbitron noted that during the 1996 Diary Content Analysis, the
diary entry was the metric chosen to analyze diarykeeper use of station
identifiers. As new data retrieval tools became available, the
quarter-hour replaced the diary entry as the metric of choice. While
diary entries and quarter-hours are different measures, the recent data
make clear that there has been an observable shift toward the use of
frequency as the dominant station identifier.
Diarykeepers’ use of station name and program/personality have
generally remained stable since the 1996 analysis. Diarykeepers
continue to use station names as one of the station identifiers they
note about 19 percent of the time. Arbitron states that this is
evidence that efforts at station branding have been successful.
Diarykeepers continue to include references to programs and
personalities (nationally syndicated and local) among the multiple
station identifiers they record about two percent of the time.
In it's report, Arbitron attributes the change in recording practice to
several factors, but the likely predominant reason is that stations -
particularly FM - increasingly identify themselves over the air by
House Committee Votes to Block FCC'sOwnership Cap
Washington - July 17, 2003 - With the help of Republicans who bolted
their own leadership, the House Appropriations Committee voted last
week to block the FCC’s new 45 percent national ownership cap on
An amendment approved in a bipartisan 40-25 vote would overturn the
FCC’s June 2 ownership decision, allowing networks to acquire
stations that reach as much as 45 percent of the national television
audience. The committee’s action prevents the FCC from spending
money to carry out its new rules. That, in effect, keeps the current
limit at 35 percent.
The House action took place in front of general managers of about 75
network owned-and-operated TV stations, who visited Capitol Hill last
week to lobby for retaining the FCC’s new rules. They watched as
the legislators overrode their wishes.
The House action follows intense activity in the Senate to kill the new
FCC rules. Rep. David R. Obey (D-WI), author of the successful House
amendment, said the vote was a victory for those seeking to keep big
media conglomerates from getting even bigger and from silencing smaller
voices in the process.
The House vote, unlike Senate measures, let stand other parts of the
FCC’s ruling, such as the easing of limits on broadcast and
newspaper cross-ownership. A Republican amendment that also would have
pared back that part of the ruling was defeated on a voice vote in the
The significance of the House vote even shook the White House. A
presidential spokeswoman, Claire Buchan, said the president’s
senior advisers would recommend a veto if a bill including the
amendment ultimately reached his desk.
T he action also drew fire from Rep. W.J. "Billy" Tauzin (R-LA),
chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Committee, which has
jurisdiction over the FCC. "This is exactly not the way to do this,"
said Tauzin, who supports the FCC's new rules.
Ibiquity Cuts ThreeManagers
Columbia, MD - July 17, 2003 - Ibiquity Digital, the developer of
the IBOC system in the United States, is laying off three top managers.
They are E. Glynn Walden, vice president of broadcast engineering, Rick
Martinson, vice president of program management, and Gerald Marcovsky,
senior legal advisor.
Each individual's employment will end at the end of July. Ibiquity
would not comment as to the nature of the staff departures, however,
Ibiquity issued this statement about Walden:
"Yesterday, Glynn Walden announced his departure from Ibiquity
Digital. It would be difficult to overstate the contribution Glynn has
made to what Ibiquity has accomplished over the years. Glynn Walden was
one of the original visionaries for IBOC digital radio. Glynn should be
very proud of his accomplishments, and we are honored to have had him
as an employee. We wish him all the best in his future endeavors."
Walden and Martinson have been visibly active with Ibiquity for many
years, both starting with USA Digital Radio, one of the two companies
that later merged to create Ibiquity.
All three individuals have a history with Westinghouse, one of the
original founding companies of USA Digital Radio. Walden joined USA
Digital Radio in 1989. Martinson was appointed Ibiquity's director of
broadcast development in 1996. Marcovsky joined the company in
Stolen Equipment Alert
Provided as a public service
Riverside, CA - July 15, 2003 - A TFT Model 8900 Reciter (STL
receiver and FM exciter) serial number 1080312 was stolen between July
11 and July 12 from KWRP, Riverside (Hemet), CA. The unit contains an
STL receiver on 944.50MHz and an FM exciter on 96.1MHz with a 50W
If the unit is located, please contact the Riverside County (CA)
Sheriff's Office at 909-955-2400 or John Squyers at KWRP at
Information provided by Darryl Parker of TFT.
Arbitron Update on PPM
New York - July 8, 2003 - Arbitron held a press conference on July
11 to update interested parties on the progress of the Portable People
Meter (PPM). Overall, Arbitron said the results they are seeing from
the PPM make sense and are in line with what they expected. In
particular, radio is showing a greater reach with the PPM than the
current paper diary methods. The PPM is finding additional listeners
that Arbitron didn't know about with the diary. While goals for the
future of PPM were broad in scope, Arbitron did mention that the next
PPM ratings marketing effort will be somewhere with a strong Hispanic
MITRE Releases LPFM InterferenceReport
Washington - July 11, 2003 - On Dec. 21, 2000, President Clinton
signed into law an appropriations bill containing a requirement that
the FCC conduct an experimental program to determine whether low-power
FM (LPFM) radio stations will cause harmful interference to listeners
of existing full-power FM (FPFM) radio stations or FM translator
stations operating on third-adjacent channels.
Section 632(b) of the bill states that the "Commission shall select an
independent testing entity to conduct field tests in the markets of the
stations in the experimental program." The statute further requires
that the field tests include "an opportunity for the public to comment
on interference" and "independent audience listening tests to determine
what is objectionable and harmful interference to the average radio
Section 632(b) also requires the FCC to "conduct such tests in no more
than nine FM radio markets, including urban, suburban, and rural
markets, by waiving the minimum distance separations for third-adjacent
channels for the stations that are subject of the experimental program.
At least one of the stations shall be selected for the purpose of
evaluating whether minimum distance separations for third-adjacent
channels are needed for FM translator stations."
Finally, the bill states that the FCC is required to submit a report to
Congress on the testing activity results, including analysis,
evaluations and recommendations derived from the completed test
The MITRE Corporation was selected by the FCC to provide technical
leadership and management of the mandated requirement by establishing
and monitoring the experimental program. In this role, MITRE will
prepare a final report for use by the FCC in reporting to
Comsearch was contracted by MITRE to conduct the field measurement and
public comment data collection portions of this experimental program by
measuring the effects of LPFM stations located within the protected
F(50,50) contour and operating on the third adjacent channel of FPFM
and FM translator stations.
The results of these tests have been published and are available online
at this link.
The 203-page report details the various test conditions and results of
the tests. The measured results indicate the receiver least susceptible
to LPFM interference was the in-vehicle receiver. Next was the home
receiver, followed by the clock radio. The boombox and Walkman were the
Public comments were also gathered and are included in the
The FCC seeks comments on the report by Sept. 12.
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NPR Upgrades PRSS Content Depot
Washington - July 21, 2003 - National Public Radio (NPR), through
its Distribution Division, manages the Public Radio Satellite System
(PRSS) on behalf of more than 400 interconnected public radio
NPR Distribution is currently in the process of reengineering its
services in response to station and producer needs. Public radio's new
distribution system, the PRSS Content Depot, takes advantage of
technological innovations to streamline how stations and producers
select, send, acquire and automate programming.The PRSS delivers more
than 80,000 hours of radio programming transmitted from 17 satellite
uplinks located throughout the United States. Producers develop radio
programs and send them to one of the PRSS uplinks. The uplinks transmit
the programs to interconnected stations. Producers also create
descriptive material, which is made available to stations in the form
of an online catalog.
The Content Depot will move the PRSS distribution system from
exclusively real-time to a subscription-based system for live and
pre-produced broadcasts. The Content Depot will continue to incorporate
satellite distribution, as this technology is still the most
cost-effective and reliable means of delivering high-quality, real-time
audio programming to a national network of radio stations. The Content
Depot will also provide alternative distribution methods that will give
stations flexibility in receiving and storing programs and other
information from the PRSS.
BBC Technology (BBCT) has been engaged by NPR Distribution to provide
strategic and technical consulting in support of its Content Depot
initiative. Working with NPR Distribution engineers and staff, BBCT is
focusing primarily on the transmission and station technologies that
will underlie the future Content Depot system.
In the first phase of the engagement, BBCT was responsible for
conducting empirical testing of proposed transmission technologies to
ensure the viability of real-time audio transmission combined with file
transfer (audio and metadata) over satellite via encapsulated IP
packets using standard file formats. BBCT and NPR Distribution is also
working together to build on the proof-of-concept information that was
provided to NPR by stations and producers. This will create a framework
for station and head-end operations under the Content Depot.
Orban Mobile Broadcast LaboratoryTour Dates Announced
Phoenix/Tempe, AZ - July 24 - Orban/CRL has announced the first
cross-country USA tour of the new Orban/CRL Mobile Broadcast Laboratory
(MBL). The unit is a fully-equipped, 33-foot mobile vehicle that has
been converted to allow for tests and demonstrations of Orban and CRL
products, and to provide comparisons with other products. The MBL also
carries kiosk rack-mounted displays of the entire product line of
Orban/CRL launched this vehicle so that stations and networks that have
faced budget reductions in recent years have the opportunity to learn
about audio processing and Orban products. Presentations covering IBOC
and the most recent developments in audio processing will be conducted.
The MBL will offer broadcast engineers, technical service managers and
owners an opportunity for hands-on demonstrations and a chance for
in-depth Q&A sessions with the experts from Orban/CRL.
Beginning in August, the MBL will start a series of 16 coast-to-coast
visits at state broadcasters association conventions, local SBE events,
The National Association of Broadcasters Convention in Philadelphia,
and the annual AES convention in New York City. The first phase of the
tour will begin at the Nebraska Broadcasters Association gathering in
Lincoln and will conclude an estimated 10,000 miles later in California
The following schedule is subject to change:
||TX Assn. of
Broadcasters/SW TX SBE
|Oct 10 - 13
||Kansas Association of
Additional stops in Denver and Phoenix are still in the planning
stage. The tour will continue into 2004 and beyond. To arrange a tour
stop for your SBE chapter, state broadcast association or other group,
contact David Rusch at 602-438-0888 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Andrew Completes Merger with AllenTelecom
Orland Park, IL – July 15, 2003 - Andrew has completed its
merger with Allen Telecom following approvals by Allen Telecom and
Andrew stockholders at a special stockholder meetings held on July 15.
As previously announced, based on the exchange ratio for the merger,
Allen Telecom stockholders will receive 1.775 shares of Andrew common
stock for each share of Allen Telecom common stock, with cash paid in
lieu of any fractional share.
Ralph Faison, Andrew president, emphasized the merger of Andrew and
Allen has been rigorously planned for and that integration will begin
immediately. Andrew expects to realize cost savings from the
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Harris Adds Cole as SalesRepresentative
Cincinnati - Jul 25, 2003 - Harris has hired James "Andy" Cole in
the company's Broadcast Communications Division (BCD) as sales
representative. Cole will be working out of the Harris Broadcast Center
in Mason, OH, where he will be a part of the West Central sales team
for North and South Dakota, Wyoming, Nebraska, Utah, Kansas, Colorado,
Arizona and New Mexico pairing with district sales manager for the
territory, Ken Perkins. Cole will be responsible for sales of the
full-line of Harris studio and audio products along with broadcast
products distributed by the Broadcast Center.
Cole joins Harris from Mid Star Incorporated, a distributor of
semiconductor integrated circuits, memory modules and power supplies
for the electronics industry. While in that position, Cole was
responsible for sales and customer product orientation. Prior to Mid
Star, Cole was an outside sales representative for Future
Cole is a 1991 graduate of Ohio State University Ohio with a B.A. in
Thomas Joins WW1 as VP ofEngineering
New York - July 7, 2003 - Barry Thomas, a frequent contributor to
Radio magazine, has joined Westwood One Radio Networks as the
company's vice president of engineering for the East Coast. He is based
in the broadcast operations center in Manhattan.
Before moving to New York, Thomas was a broadcast engineering
consultant in southern California. Some of his clients included
Premiere Radio Networks, The Highway Stations (Barstow, CA) and
Thomas got his start in radio in 1979 as a weekend announcer on WNOK in
Columbia, SC. He later became the station's program director and then
operations manager of WNOK-AM/FM. Thomas' career also includes working
for Broadcasters General Store.
His career led him WPHR-FM (later WENZ-FM, Cleveland and then to
Omniamerica Group as the director of engineering. In 1996 he moved to
San Francisco as technical director for Evergreen Media's KYLD and then
to the first Jammin' Oldies station, Mega 100, in Los Angeles. During
its short existence, Thomas was the director of engineering for Comedy
World Radio Network.
He is a senior member of the Society of Broadcast Engineers and is
certified as a Professional Broadcast Engineer and Broadcast Networking
Technologist. He currently sits on the SBE's board of directors. He is
a past national secretary of the society and also served three years on
the NAB/SBE Conference committee. He has been active with the SBE on a
local level as well, serving as the charter vice chairman and past
chairman of Columbia, SC, Chapter 101 and the past chairman of
Northeast Ohio Chapter 70.
Staco Hires VP of Engineering
Dayton, OH - July 14, 2003 - Jim Clark has joined Staco Energy as
vice president of engineering. He replaces Jerry Combs, who retired in
May. Clark brings with him more than 30 years of experience in power
electronics, mostly in the UPS industry. Originally from San Diego, he
began his engineering career at Elgar, designing small UPS products.
Over the past 20 years, he has been vice president of engineering and
part owner of Safe Power Systems in Tempe, AZ, vice president of
engineering for Liebert in Irvine, CA, and most recently, president of
Vanner, located in Hilliard, OH.
Broadcast Electronics Appoints KeyAccounts Manager
Quincy, IL - July 17, 2003 - Broadcast Electronics has appointed
Mike Oakes as the key accounts manager in its Studio Systems Division.
Oakes will be responsible for managing a significant number of the
company's major studio accounts in the United States. He will assume
primary responsibility of Broadcast Electronics' Audio Vault digital
audio system and assist with the overall studio equipment needs of
broadcasters and professional audio organizations.
Oakes has a background in media consulting and programming, including
four years in software automation and 18 years as a program director
for major group owners such as CBS Radio, Cumulus Media and Tribune
Oakes can be reached at his Florida office at 772-546-3395 or email@example.com.
FCC Establishes Office ofHomeland Security
Washington, DC - July 10, 2003 - The FCC has created an Office of
Homeland Security within the Enforcement Bureau. The new office will
provide consolidated support for the homeland security and emergency
preparedness responsibilities of the Commission and the Defense
Commissioner (currently, Chairman Powell), the agency’s Homeland
Security Policy Council, and the Chief, Enforcement Bureau. James A.
Dailey, a 31-year FCC veteran, has been named director of the
In addition, the office will be responsible for rulemaking proceedings
relating to the Emergency Alert System and will oversee operation of
the Commission’s 24-hour Communications and Crisis Management
Center and its Emergency Operations Center, functions that are
currently handled in the Enforcement Bureau’s Technical and
Public Safety Division.
Prior to his appointment, Dailey served as deputy chief of the
Enforcement Bureau’s Technical and Public Safety Division and as
senior advisor to the FCC’s Homeland Security Policy Council. He
has served in various capacities within the FCC, including deputy
regional director of the South Central Region. Dailey, who joined the
FCC in 1972 as an investigator in the FCC’s Norfolk, VA, Field
Office, also served as district director of the FCC’s Kansas City
Field Office for 17 years.
Dailey received a M.A. in Telecommunications Management from Webster
University, Kansas City, MO, and a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from
the State University in New York at Buffalo.
The action was made by the Commission July 9, 2003, by Order (FCC
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Andrew Intros Online Ordering
Orland Park, IL - July 21, 2003 - Andrew has launched the
Shop-Andrew online accessory service to the Andrew website (www.andrew.com. The
online systems provides pictures, part numbers, list pricing and
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