Effects of Tower Standard 222G 

The bottom line is that Revision G is a good thing, and the standard authors have crafted an excellent standard.

Third-Adjacent Protection Review 

One of the hallmark missions of the FCC is to promote the use of the radio spectrum; the corollary is that the Commission ends up being a traffic cop to eliminate interference, more accurately stated as reducing interference.

Grounding standards for broadcast 

While there are similarities between various grounding methodologies, asking 10 engineers for their opinions will probably return a minimum of eight different and valid recommendations.

The Phasor 

The upcoming generation of radio engineers will encounter a new ease of measurement as a fact of the Commission's new directional antenna proof rules.

Using the operating impedance bridge 

The development of the operating impedance bridge by Delta Electronics about 40 years ago made antenna impedance measurements not only much easier to perform, but more accurate.

Living with the FCC - a History 

John Battison looks back on the early days of the FRC and the FCC, recalling some of the simpler times and possibly better methods of another time.

Thoughts about NEC 4-1 

As time passed and DA design work received increasing attention, it became obvious that more information was needed about how the antenna worked in its environment once constructed.

Do you remember MEOV? 

MEOV offered a wonderful means of providing a way around a potential difficulty in meeting the approved radiation pattern.

The application of NEC programs 

The NEC programs offer a great improvement over the slide rule era when the sheer volume of manual operations involved tended to influence full and comprehensive searches for perfection.

Transmission lines 

A transmission line is a far more complex piece of equipment than many people realize. In its simplest form it may be considered as just a pair of wires merely carrying ac power.

Vertical Radiators 

Sometimes we tend to forget some of the fundamental facts of electronic life involving radiation which, after all, are requisite for radio transmission.

Ground systems 

The average ground system is quiet, dependable and retiring, performing its work efficiently, without demand for attention. Unfortunately, too many stations try to economize when installing or maintaining ground systems.

Tweaking the antenna system 

The last link in the broadcast chain under the control of the broadcast engineer is the transmitter and antenna system. From then on quality of reception is left in the hands of the listeners. Thus it puts the onus of transmitting the best possible signal on the station engineer.

Taming a wild monitor point 

When monitor points suddenly exhibit surprisingly high field strength, one's first inclination is to look at the previous logs and ask the technical staff about the monitoring point's history

Forgotten modulation methods 

Early in the 1930s French engineer Henri Chireix devised an ingenious method of modulation that he named most appropriately out phasing. It was based on the result of combining two out-of-phase voltages. This produces a fluctuating signal voltage that varies in amplitude as the audio signals change. This voltage, after amplification, drives a power amplifier stage with properly amplitude-modulated RF.

Don't become a statistic 

There are many lists extant of precautions to take before working with high voltage pieces of equipment. Lethal incidents may be more often caused by completely unexpected circumstances than from pure, careless accidents.

RF filters 

Radio-engineering work is very involved with filters of one kind or another. The science of broadcasting depends on the correct passage of various frequencies through differing pieces of equipment. Some frequencies are in the audio range and others are in the RF domain.

LEDs Are Here to Stay 

Tower lighting requirements, which are specified in part 17 of the Commission’s rules, sometimes come as a financial shock.

The alphabet soup of broadcast engineering 

When the early pioneers such as Alexanderson, Fessenden and Marconi commenced the production of non-ionizing radiation no one limited their RF levels, blamed their antenna towers for the deaths of migrant birds, or complained about ugly towers spoiling picturesque views.

Living with your license 

Your new or latest station license has arrived. How you deal with it can have a huge effect on your future.

The road to antenna maintenance 

Before any useful maintenance can be performed it is essential to know how a system is supposed to operate and also know the licensed operating parameters. A copy of the latest proof of performance and the current license are a good place to start.

FM antennas and radiation 

New construction can distort an AM station's anticipated service contour. This primer reviews the basics of antennas and RF propagation.

Tower inspection and climbing 

At one time, tower climbing and inspections were something that everyone and anyone could do. In today's safety-conscious world, it pays to play by the rules and do it right.

Three phases are better than one 

On the surface, three-phase operation may appear to be a lot more complicated than single-phase work.

Engineering assistance 

Today's broadcast engineer has a much easier row to hoe than his counterpart in the middle to latter part of the 20th century.

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