The following is from the�Alabama Broadcasters Association�s�weekly e-newsletter, Monday Morning Coffee and Technical Notes. Thanks to ABA�s Larry Wilkins. To subscribe to the newsletter, email�firstname.lastname@example.org.
THE MAIN STUDIO RULE HAS LEFT THE BUILDING
As expected the FCC voted last week to abolish the Main Studio rules, which has been in effect for over 70 years.� This rule required broadcasters to maintain a studio either within its city of license, or at another site either within 25 miles of its city of license or within the city-grade contour of any station licensed to the same city of license as the station.�
From an engineering perspective, this change in the rules eliminates the need to construct a functional studio in the city of license capable of "going on the air".� From the business side it removes the requirement to have at least two employees reporting to the main studio as their principal place of business on a daily basis, and at least one of those employees should be physically present during business hours.
The action by the FCC does require stations to maintain local or toll-free phone numbers for listeners within their community of license to call.
ONLINE PUBLIC INSPECTION FILES
All radio stations outside of the top 50 markets should be aware that their public files will need to be uploaded to the FCC hosted "Online Public Inspection (OPIF)" no later than March 1, 2018.�
To help stations understand what is involved in setting up the online file, the law firm of Fletcher, Heald & Hildreth in association with the Colorado Broadcasters Association presented a webinar to help industry professionals navigate through the online filing process.
ATSC 3.0 ON THE FCC AGENDA FOR NOVEMBER MEETING
The Commission is tentatively scheduled to take up the R&O and FNPRM at its Nov. 16 Open Meeting.� The Report and Order would allow television broadcasters to use Next Gen TV on a voluntary, market-driven basis and require broadcasters that use Next Gen TV to partner with another local station to simulcast their programming in the current digital television (DTV) transmission standard (ATSC 1.0), so that viewers will continue to receive their existing broadcast service.
MIXING AUDIO IN RADIO AND TELEVISION
Professional Recording Engineers have know for a long time the importance of correct placement and calibration of monitor speakers.� Once this is accomplished the monitor levels should not be changed during a session. Leaving the monitor set at a standard level allows the mix engineer to hear the way the audio really sounds to the listeners.� You cannot rely on watching meters due the factor they don't react the way the human ear does. If it is too low or too high change the source material level, not the speaker level.
ATSC standard A/85 covers this in great detail, including recommended levels for different size control rooms, using headphones for mixing and proper placement of monitors.�
Don't forget to change your clock next Nov. 5. Clocks will change from Daylight Saving Time to Local Standard Time. At 2 a.m. clocks are turned backward 1 hour to 1 a.m. local standard time instead.
As a reminder, engineers should check their remote control units if used for AM power or pattern change to make sure the clocks are set correct.